Understanding the Relative Safety & Efficacy of
We make no secret of our active ingredient, a product of nature that has thousands of years of protective service to a wide range of creatures...
Chitosan has been studied and reviewed by numerous Departments and Agencies in the USA, as well as a growing list of equivalent agencies of other nations.
Below, you will find an assortment of quotations and links to documents detailing the approvals, studies, and scholarly articles detailing the Relative Safety & Efficacy of this wonder of nature.
On November 8, 2022, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) finalized a rule adding chitosan (Poly-D-Glucosamine), a naturally occurring substance found in the cell walls of all crustaceans, most fungi, and the exoskeletons of most insects, to its minimum risk pesticide exemption list. In doing so, EPA is specifying that the listing also includes those chitosan salts that can be formed when chitosan is mixed with the acids that are listed as active or inert ingredients eligible for use in minimum risk pesticide products. [read the entire announcement]
It simply means that the all-natural active ingredient in ZShield24, already a recognized fungicide and antimicrobial agent, has now been deemed so safe that it no longer requires any regulation or registration with the EPA under FIFRA. The use of this proven-effective treatment is now on record as having 'below the level of concern' toxicity to humans, and no negative environmental impact. Safe and effective...That's just what the market wants and needs.
Designated as GRAS [Generally Recognized as Safe] and used regularly as a clarifier and antimicrobial aid in the manufacturing of wine.
Approved the the National Organic Standards Board for addition to the National List of Approved products.
Approved by the FDA for use a sealant and protective super-absorbent dressing used in the treatment of wound care.
Proposed by the EPA for inclusion as an Active Ingredient in the Minimal Risk Pesticide Exemptions List.
EPA Promotes Inclusion and Innovation with Environmental Applications of Chitosan.
Applications of chitosan in food, pharmaceuticals, medicine, cosmetics, agriculture, textiles, pulp and paper, biotechnology, and environmental chemistry [read more]